Germany National Visa (Type D)

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A National Visa (Type D) is a type of visa issued by Germany for individuals planning to stay in the country for more than 90 days. This visa is tailored for various long-term purposes, including but not limited to study, work, family reunification, and other specific endeavors that necessitate a prolonged stay in Germany.

Unlike the Schengen Visa (Type C), which is mainly for short stays and tourism within the Schengen Area, the National Visa (Type D) allows its holders to reside in Germany for the duration of their intended purpose, such as completing a full academic degree, working under an employment contract, or living with family members who are residents or citizens of Germany.

Key features of the National Visa (Type D) include:

  • Purpose-Specific: The visa is issued for specific reasons, such as education, employment, family reunification, etc., with each category having its own set of requirements and documents.
  • Long-Term Stay: It’s designed for stays longer than 90 days, up to and including permanent residency, depending on the visa holder’s circumstances and adherence to German laws and regulations.
  • Work Authorization: Depending on the visa type, it may grant the holder the right to work in Germany, which is particularly relevant for employment and certain student visas.
  • Path to Residency: For many, holding a National Visa (Type D) is a step towards obtaining a residence permit in Germany, allowing for a longer-term stay and integration into German society and, potentially, the pursuit of permanent residency or citizenship.

Types Germany National Visa (Type D)


Applicants for a National Visa must typically provide detailed documentation related to their purpose in Germany, such as proof of university enrollment, job contracts, family ties, or financial means for self-support. The application process involves filling out an application form, submitting the required documents, and attending an interview at the German embassy or consulate in the applicant’s home country.

The National Visa (Type D) for Germany caters to various long-term stays, including but not limited to studies, work, and family reunification. Here are the primary categories under which the National Visa (Type D) can be issued:

  1. Study:

    • For international students who have been accepted to a full-time study program at a German university or college.
    • For participants in language courses that last longer than three months.
  2. Employment:

    • For individuals who have received a job offer in Germany.
    • For professionals seeking to work as researchers, academic staff, or in highly specialized fields.
  3. Job Seeker:

    • For individuals looking to find qualified employment in Germany, provided they have the necessary qualifications and means to support themselves during their search.
  4. Family Reunification:

    • For family members (spouses, children, parents) of German residents or residents holding certain types of residence permits, looking to join their family in Germany.
  5. Au Pair:

    • For young adults wishing to spend a year living with a German family, helping with childcare and experiencing German culture.
  6. Training/Internship:

    • For individuals participating in vocational training programs or internships that last longer than three months.
  7. Self-Employment:

    • For entrepreneurs and self-employed individuals planning to start a business in Germany.
  8. Scientific Research:

    • For scientists and researchers coming to Germany to conduct research at an accredited institution.
  9. Volunteering:

    • For individuals intending to engage in voluntary service for more than three months.
  10. Special Cases:

    • Other specific purposes not covered by the above categories, such as medical treatment that cannot be postponed and lasts longer than three months, may also qualify for a Type D visa.

Each of these visa types has specific requirements based on the purpose of the stay. Applicants need to provide relevant documentation to support their visa application, demonstrating their eligibility and the reason for their long-term stay in Germany.

Requirements Germany National Visa (Type D)


Certainly! The National Visa (Type D) for Germany is designed for those planning to stay in the country for more than 90 days for purposes such as studying, working, or reuniting with family. Here are the key requirements for obtaining a National Visa (Type D) in point form:

  1. Valid Passport: Must be valid for at least three months beyond the duration of the visa you are applying for.
  2. Application Form: Fully completed application form specific to the National Visa (Type D), signed by the applicant.
  3. Recent Photographs: Typically, two recent biometric photographs are required.
  4. Purpose of Stay: Evidence of the purpose of your stay in Germany, such as an admission letter from a German university for students, a job offer for employment, or family reunion invitations.
  5. Proof of Financial Resources: Demonstrated ability to support yourself financially during your stay. For students, this often means a blocked account showing sufficient funds, a scholarship award, or a declaration of financial support from a sponsor.
  6. Health Insurance: Valid health insurance coverage that meets the minimum requirements for the entire duration of your stay in Germany.
  7. Proof of Accommodation: Evidence of where you will be staying during your time in Germany, such as a rental agreement or a letter of invitation from a host.
  8. Criminal Record Certificate: Depending on the purpose of your stay, you may be required to provide a certificate proving you have no criminal record.
  9. Educational Certificates: For students or employment visa applicants, relevant diplomas, certificates, or letters from employers or educational institutions.
  10. Language Proficiency: Depending on the visa type, proof of German and/or English language proficiency may be required.
  11. Visa Fee: Payment of the visa application fee, which varies depending on the type of visa and the applicant’s nationality.
  12. Declaration of Accuracy of Information: Signed statement that all the information provided is true and complete.
  13. Appointment for Visa Interview: Booking and attending a visa interview at the German embassy or consulate in your home country.

Remember, the specific documents and requirements can vary based on the purpose of your stay and your personal circumstances. It’s always best to check the current requirements with the German embassy or consulate directly.

FAQs for Germany National Visa (Type D)


1. What is a National Visa (Type D) for Germany?

A National Visa (Type D) is a long-term visa for individuals planning to stay in Germany for more than 90 days for purposes such as studying, working, family reunification, or other specific long-term activities. It is different from the Schengen Visa, which is intended for short stays up to 90 days.

2. Who needs to apply for a National Visa (Type D)?

Anyone planning to move to Germany for a period longer than 90 days, whether for study, work, family reasons, or other long-term activities, must apply for a National Visa (Type D).

3. How long can I stay in Germany with a National Visa (Type D)?

The duration of your stay with a National Visa (Type D) depends on the purpose of your visit. It can range from a few months to several years, depending on your situation, such as the length of your study program or employment contract.

4. What are the main requirements for obtaining a National Visa (Type D)?

Requirements include a valid passport, a completed application form, recent biometric photos, proof of the purpose of stay (e.g., admission letter, employment contract), financial resources proof, health insurance, and other documents depending on your specific case.

5. How do I prove my financial resources for the visa application?

For students, financial resources can typically be proven through a blocked account with the required minimum amount, a scholarship, a declaration of commitment by a host in Germany, or parental income documentation. The exact amount required is set by the German government and may change, so it’s important to check the current requirements.

6. Can I work in Germany with a National Visa (Type D)?

Yes, in many cases, holders of a National Visa (Type D) are allowed to work in Germany. The specifics, such as the number of allowed working hours, depend on the visa type (e.g., student visas typically allow part-time work).

7. How much does it cost to apply for a National Visa (Type D)?

The application fee for a National Visa (Type D) is generally around 75 euros, but this can vary depending on your nationality or specific circumstances. Always check the most current fee structure before applying.

8. How long does it take to process a National Visa (Type D) application?

Processing times can vary widely depending on the embassy or consulate, the time of year, and the specifics of your application. It’s recommended to apply at least three months before your planned arrival in Germany.

9. Can my family accompany me to Germany if I have a National Visa (Type D)?

Family reunification is possible, but family members must apply for their own National Visas. The requirements include proving the relationship, sufficient living space in Germany, and financial resources to support family members.

10. What happens if my National Visa (Type D) is about to expire but I need to stay longer?

If you need to extend your stay, you must apply for a residence permit or visa extension at the local immigration office (Ausländerbehörde) in Germany before your current visa expires, providing reasons and documentation for the extension.

Expenses Germany National Visa (Type D)

The cost of applying for a National Visa (Type D) for Germany involves various factors, including the visa application fee, documentation preparation, and potentially additional costs depending on your individual situation. Here’s a breakdown of the expenses you might encounter:

Visa Application Fee

  • Standard Fee: As of the last update, the application fee for a National Visa (Type D) is about 75 euros. This fee is payable at the German consulate or embassy when you submit your application.

Documentation Costs

  • Passport Photos: You’ll need biometric passport photos for the visa application. The cost can vary, but expect to spend around 5 to 15 euros.
  • Health Insurance: You’re required to have health insurance coverage for your stay in Germany. The cost can vary widely based on the provider and coverage, but a ballpark figure for students could be around 80 to 110 euros per month.
  • Document Translation and Legalization: If your documents are not in German or English, you may need to get them translated by a certified translator. The costs for translation and legalization of documents can vary significantly.

Other Potential Costs

  • Travel to Consulate/Embassy: Depending on your location, you may need to travel to the nearest German consulate or embassy for your visa interview. This could involve travel and accommodation expenses.
  • Courier Service Fees: If you need to send documents to the consulate or embassy via a courier service, this will be an additional cost.
  • Blocked Account: For students, a blocked account showing sufficient funds to cover living expenses for one year is required. As of the last update, the required amount is approximately 10,332 euros per year. This isn’t a fee but a proof of financial means you must have upfront.
  • Preparatory Courses or Tests: Depending on your situation, you might need to attend language courses or take certain tests (e.g., TestDaF for German proficiency). The costs for these courses and tests can add up.


  • Visa Application Fee: ~75 euros
  • Passport Photos: 5 to 15 euros
  • Health Insurance: 80 to 110 euros per month (for students)
  • Document Translation and Legalization: Variable
  • Travel to Consulate/Embassy: Variable
  • Courier Service Fees: Variable
  • Blocked Account: 10,332 euros (for students, not a fee but required proof of financial means)
  • Preparatory Courses or Tests: Variable

These costs provide a general framework for what you might need to budget for when applying for a National Visa (Type D) for Germany. Keep in mind that some of these expenses are one-time costs, while others (like health insurance) will recur monthly. Always check the current requirements and fees with the German embassy or consulate directly, as they can change.

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